13 October 2010

Construction Begins with A Land Survey

Before the breaking of the ground...before the first nail is driven and even before actual plans for a building can be finalized, there's always a land survey which must be completed. We've spoken briefly on the importance of a land survey when buying property in the past, but lets take a closer look at how land surveying and construction are related.


Construction Surveyor
Think of land surveying as the backbone of construction. Surveying is the oldest profession known to man.  All value assessment and appraisal of property aside, a land surveyor's method and data must be exact-more exact than 'nail on the head'- because everything which comes afterwards is somehow intimately tied to the calculations within that data.  With that said, construction begins when such data has gone through enough rigorous scrutiny that it has become elevated to a level which is best described as "fact."


Land Surveyors Are Artists with Scientific Expectations
Courtesy of Land Surveyors United
A land surveyor must use the tools that he takes into the field and produce precise measurements.  Those measurements must be so precise that everything which gets built is constructed in accordance to those results. It's definitely not too far- fetched to state that even the placement of your sofa inside your living room is in some way dependent upon the measurements taken by a land surveyor, on your property, before your house was built.


Details and Data


Surveying Data
Land surveying is an accumulation of facts which are ultimately deduced from their method. Details of the land and its sustainability, possible susceptibility to various natural hazards such as flooding as well as earth quakes can be found and duly noted. Such appraisal are extremely vital before investing money in construction as said study helps one to curtail unexpected expenses by land survey and other requirements. An up to date land survey will provide the accurate data and measurements of the land in question. Ultimately, this survey will be essential in several activities apart from the actual construction of a home, roadway or otherwise. Currently their service are preferred in all fields of construction and necessary for all future measurements and structural placement related to the land.


The Role of the Engineer
The relationship of a professional engineer and a land surveyor are both complimentary to one other as well as necessary. Their respective fields of expertise are vastly different, yet both of their services are essential for any successful project completion.  Thus, a surveyor will always be important for an engineer in which ever field he may work because the crucial information of surveyor will enable the engineer to plan out the design and execute the project construction in the most precise fashion. Surveyors can provide the needed information related to aspects of the land such as the soil and advice the load factor which the land can resist. All in all, land surveyors assess the safety and are responsible for planned development of construction, engineers develop the plans which will be used in the actual construction process.






These days, most who are involved with large construction projects will employ the services of multiple surveyors for many purposes. Virtually every step of the construction process will involve a surveyor and/or his data from the field. So whether you are talking about construction of residential or commercial real estate, a company project or even a mortgage survey for a home, land surveyors are thought of as priority.


Property Markers
Fundamentally, knowledge of existing property corners (as indicated with property markers) is necessary before purchasing a piece of property.  Knowing how to find your own property markers can save you time, expense, and trouble. But be aware that there's a big difference between finding established lines and setting new ones (or adjusting incorrect old ones). Only a licensed surveyor is legally qualified to set or move lines.


Below is a short video (for example purposes only)explaining many of the aspects of land surveying which make it important in the construction process:

Note: this video was shot in Missouri.  Here in Charleston, our favorite real estate firm is of course, SC Property Pros.






Guest Post by Justin Farrow Creator of Land Surveyors United.


Special thanks to our friends at Land Surveyors United Global Social Support Network for Professional Land Surveyors for lending us a hand with this information and photos.

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